Technical Training for Professionals

Expected Q1 2023


The course focusses on specifying and designing the most essential analog functions for embedded systems using standard integrated circuits and passive components.

It presents the basic design theory and its application in the design of application-specific amplifiers using operational amplifiers.

Included in the course price are the course book and the use of the symbolic simulator SLiCAP (Read more here).

The course will be organized either:

  • through weekly half day online Zoom meetings OR
  • for the theoretical part through weekly half day online Zoom meetings followed by the practical part through a number of consecutive classical course days in the Netherlands during which the theory is applied in design cases with intensive guidance by the lecturer.

In both situations course participants require a laptop with three packages installed: Maxima CAD (Computer Algebra System), Python (under Windows: Anaconda) and LTSpice. All packages are free and open source and available for Windows, Linux and MacOS.


After having attended the course, the participant:

  • will know the characteristic properties of ideal(ised) amplifiers and will be able to derive the functional requirements for amplifiers from their application;
  • will be able to characterise the non-ideal behavior of amplifiers and will know to derive performance requirements from the application description;
  • will know about other relevant design aspects of amplifiers;
  • will be able to design low-noise and power efficient amplifier structures for arbitrary port impedance and port isolation requirements with the aid of feedback techniques, balancing techniques and isolation techniques;
  • will be able to relate the properties of the components in the feedback network to important performance aspects and costs factors of the amplifier, as: inaccuracy, noise, nonlinearity, power dissipation, area and costs;
  • will be able to model individual performance aspects of voltage-feedback and current-feedback operational amplifiers;
  • will know about other relevant performance aspects of operational amplifiers, such as: input voltage range, output voltage and current drive capability and voltage slew rate;
  • will know in which way and to what extent the equivalent input noise sources of an operational amplifier affect the noise performance of the negative feedback amplifier;
  • will be able to apply the asymptotic-gain negative feedback model to derive budgets for properties of the operational amplifiers and the passive components of the negative feedback amplifier.

Intended for

This course is intended for designers with little or no experience in analog electronic design as well as for experienced analog designers who want to improve their skills.

Education: At least BSc in physics or electrical engineering. Prior knowledge: linear algebra and matrices, complex numbers, transformations, network theory.

Course schedule Expected Q1 2023
Duration 18 weekly half days
Course leader Hans Vink MSc
(Average score of last 3 editions)
Price per participant € 4,855 excl. VAT *
Keep me posted

Day 1: Introduction

  • Signal modeling and characterisation, selected topics;
  • System modeling and characterisation, selected topics;
  • Noise in electronic systems, physical mechanisms and modeling;
  • Network theory, selected topics;
  • Exercises.


Day 2: Application, modeling and characterisation of amplifiers

  • Introduction to amplification and amplifiers;
  • Modeling and characterisation of ideal behavior;
  • Modeling and characterisation of non-ideal behavior;
  • Exercises.


Day 3: Application, modeling and characterisation of operational amplifiers

  • Types of operational amplifiers;
  • Modeling of specific behavioral aspects:
    -    Noise behavior
    -    Statistical modeling of offset and bias quantities
    -    Modeling of the small-signal dynamic behavior
    -    Modeling of PSRR and CMRR
  • Use of macro models.


Day 4: Design of amplifier configurations

  • Techniques for the synthesis of negative-feedback amplifiers:
    -    Sensing and comparison techniques
    -    The nullor as ideal controller
    -    Balancing and port isolation techniques
  • Negative feedback implementation techniques: 
    -    Direct and indirect feedback
    -    Nonenergic, passive and active feedback 


Day 5: Negative feedback modelling

  • Black’s feedback model;
  • Asymptotic-gain model;
  • Deriving controller requirements from amplifier requirements:
    -    Design considerations regarding noise behavior
    -    Design considerations regarding accuracy and linearity
    -    Design considerations regarding low-frequency and high-frequency cut-off


Day 6: Frequency compensation techniques

  • Compensation strategies;
  • High-frequency compensation techniques and their interaction with other performance aspects;
  • Low-frequency compensation techniques and their interaction with other performance aspects.


Day 7: Other design considerations

  • Temperature stability;
  • Linearity, slew-rate, overdrive recovery, latch-up and phase-reversal;
  • Implementation aspects (availability of components, component models, and design and analysis tools). 


Day 8: Guidance of assignments

Day 9: Presentation of the results of the final assignment by the participants and group discussion


Lectures, practical training, home-work and final assignment.


Participants receive a High Tech Institute course certificate after completing homework and final assignment for this training.

Remarks from participants

'High level (academic), very knowledgeable teacher, very useful, especially methodology.'

Rob Fonville - NXP Semiconductors

'Very good course. Interaction between teacher and students is very good.'

Chen Chen - NXP Semiconductors

'Interesting course in which I learnt a lot and was forced to think differently.'

Edgar Olthof - NXP

* Prices are subject to change. Price correction will be applied at the end of the year.