About 98% of all Integrated Circuits (ICs; chips) are made in Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technologies. For a complete understanding of all disciplines of microelectronics that are involved in the creation of an IC, we offer this course. The course gives an overview of the basics, physics, fabrication, design and applications of CMOS ICs into the nanometer range. It also discusses technology/design scaling bottlenecks to and even beyond 22nm CMOS and is also meant to close the gap between the product development/engineering, design, test and technology communities.

This training is available for in-company sessions that can be adapted to your situation and special needs.


A 4-day tutorial on the development of CMOS ICs. For IC designers, CMOS process engineers, lithography engineers and engineers working in electronic product development, who have to write and read IC specifications, test samples, discuss technical details with suppliers and customers, etc. and for others who need a thorough understanding of ICs.

Intended for

The course addresses engineers with a broad range of functions who have in common that they need a thorough understanding of ICs, all disciplines of microelectronics covered are discussed in balance: Design -, product -, process - and lithography engineers, test and failure analysis engineers, package engineers, product engineers who supervise outsourced IC-development and have to read and write product specifications, engineers who discuss technical details with suppliers and customers. 

Start date In-company only
Duration 4 consecutive days
Price per participant On request
Keep me posted


Basic principles

MOS physics. Characteristics. Equations. Capacitances (short summary).

Geometry effects 

Temperature behaviour. Subthreshold behaviour and leakage current mechanisms.

CMOS technology (including FinFet)

Lithography summary. Basic CMOS processing steps. From a basic nMOS process to a 22nm CMOS process.

CMOS design

Basic principles of electrical and logic design.

CMOS memories

Memory architectures, SRAM, DRAM, ROM, PROM, E(E)PROM (3-D), NAND- and NOR-flash memories, stand-alone and embedded memories.


Design flow. Hierarchy levels. IP cores. Re-use. ASICs.

Low-power / low leakage

Battery overview. Summary of existing technology and design options for low power and low leakage.

Robustness of ICs

Reliability and signal integrity issues. Latch-up, Punch-through, ESD protection circuits. Hot-carrier degradation. Electromigration. NBTI. Supply and substrate noise, power integrity, decoupling, cross-talk, noise margins, EMC, soft-errors and variability, etc.

Testing, debugging, failure analysis and yield, packaging

Testing. Basics of yield and simple model. Packaging characteristics and trends, Diagnosis techniques, state-of-the-art failure analysis techniques. Repair, focused ion beam, etc.

Scaling trends and roadblocks

Scaling towards 22nm technologies and beyond. Speed and power trends. Design, masks and processing costs. Roadblocks and solutions. End of Moore’s Law! 


Methods: lectures, exercises made during the course and during the evenings. Course material: book 'Nanometer CMOS ICs; 2017 edition'.


Participants will receive a High Tech Institute course certificate for attending this training. 

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Remarks from participants

‘It was very beneficial for me. Lectures were well prepared and connected. Lecturer was also very helpful.’ ‘It was very beneficial for me. Lectures were well prepared and connected. Lecturer was also very helpful.’

Bedri Gürkan Sönmez – Dialog Semiconductor GmbH

'The training is very good, you get the whole 'package' of IC design, production and applications.'

Pieter Gommers - NXP Semiconductors

‘I think the training is very well structured and easy to be followed because there is a clear link between the discussed topics.’

Fabio Quintana – Dialog Semiconductor GmbH

'Lecturer is great at explaining complex material with easy to follow examples, and also very knowledgeable. Excellent course!'

Marc van Veenhuizen - NXP Semiconductors

‘Was a very good refreshment of memory on basics and a good overview from red expert from real expert from the field.’

Tolga Görgülü – Dialog Semiconductor GmbH